Track races take place on a specially built oval track, the riders usually ride a track bike.
Summer Tracks (outdoors) have a length between 225 and 550 meters, winter tracks (covered) are typically 250 meters long, but in the case of an Olympic track the distance is always 250 meters and mostly covered.
The slope of the curves is about 33 degrees.
In track cycling, there are various disciplines:
A sprint race is held by two (sometimes more) riders over two or three rounds.
Two teams of two or three riders race over a short distance with each other.
The tandem bicycle for two people, was a part in the Olympics until 1972 and at the Track Cycling World Championships in 1994. It was a sprint over 2000 meters.
With a time trial each rider is individually on the track, this can be either a standing or a ‘flying’ start is. The one that sets the fastest time wins. The gentlemen ride on the track 1,000 meters, the women’s 500 meters.
Two riders start simultaneously, the one on the start line, the other here right across to the other side. The two riders have to try to overtake each other, if this does not occur within a predetermined distance the rider with the best time wins.
Two teams of four riders per team, start simultaneously; one on the start line, the other opposite on the other side. The two teams should try to overtake each other, if this does not occur within a predetermined distance the team with the best time wins. A team overtakes another team if at least three riders from one team overtake two riders from the other team. The time of a team is the time the number three of the team clocks.
Whith stayering all riders are behind a heavy motor fitted with a roll where the rider has to ride as close as possible. The pacemaker is often standig to provide the rider protection. As a result, high speeds are achieved.
In the keirin drive six riders behind a derny. At the moment that the derny is triggered of the track, the sprint begins.
A Omnium is a combination classification. There are several different forms of omnium track cycling:
Endurance Omnium consists of four parts. First, the participants drive a knockout race, points race and scratch. The first eight in the standings are driving finally together on a chase over 3000 meters.
Sprint omnium consists of parts flying lap, waste rate, keirin and sprint.
Since 2007, the omnium is at the world championships program. Here they drive sprint, scratch, pursuit, points race and time trial.
During the 2012 Olympics the Omnium consisted of six parts, namely: flying lap, points race, knockout race, individual pursuit, scratch and individual time trial.
In the points race, all riders are at the same time on the track in a race with a fixed total number of rounds. The total number of rounds that needs to be driven, is dependent on the path length. Men drive 40 kilometers, ladies and juniors ride 25 kilometers. After a number of rounds there is a sprint – approximately every two kilometers. Again, this is dependent on the path length. At each sprint receive the first four or five riders, three, two and one point (s). If a rider takes a lap ahead, he get those 20 points. The rider with the most points wins the match.
A match with a predetermined number of classifications for a predetermined number of rounds is the Leaderboard Contest. This game is often unfairly called a points race. At the standings the rider with the most points at the end winsthe match. Around profit are for the most points. So a rider can win with fewer points than any other rider with a lap ahead.
The madison is a conventional track cycling race but, since the innovation in New York, with riders in each team riding part of the distance, handing over to the other member, resting, and then returning to the race. Teams are usually of two riders but occasionally of three. Only one of the team is racing at any time and the replacement rider has to be touched before he can take over. The touch can also be a push, often on the shorts, or one rider hurling the other into the race by a hand-sling.
How long each rider stays in the race is for each team to decide. Originally, riders took stints of a couple of hours or more and the resting rider went off for a sleep or a meal. That was easier in earlier six-day races because hours could pass without riders attempting to speed away from the others. As races became more intensive, both riders from the team began riding on the track at the same time, one going fast on the short line around the bottom of the track and the other idling higher up until his turn comes to take over. Modern six-days last less than 12 hours a day and the madison is now only a featured part, so staying on the track throughout is more feasible.
The aim of each team is to ride more laps than any of the others. Tied positions are split by points awarded for placings at a series of sprints at intervals during the race.
The name Madison from Madison Square Garden where this competition was held for the first time during the Six Day New York.
In track cycling, a scratch race is a race in which all riders start together and the objective is simply to be first over the finish line after a certain number of laps. There are no intermediate points or sprints.
The scratch race has been a UCI World Championship event for men and women since 2002. Franco Marvulli of Switzerland and Lada Kozlíková of Czech Republic were the first UCI world champions. The 2012 men’s and women’s world champions are Ben Swift of the United Kingdom and Katarzyna Pawłowska of Poland.
As the name say, it a “six-day” game takes six days. An indoor track teams of two men against each other. Who drove the most laps at the end is the winner (see also ‘madison’ above). During the day there will be inserted various sub-contests which extra points and, not least for the participants, bonus money can be earned.
At a world record a rider must ride as far as possible in exactly one hour.